Abstract by Justus Schollmeyer, Viesturs Tamuzs and Runhua Tan
This essay relates Thomas Kuhn’s Paradigm Theory with Genrich Altshuller’s Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (for short: TRIZ). Both theories emerged in the second half of the 20th century on opposite sides of the Iron Curtain: the Kuhnian approach in the USA and the Altshullerian in the former Soviet Union. Despite their obvious difference in cultural roots, both understand paradigm shifts as the result of problem solving processes — Kuhn in science and Altshuller in technology. In suggesting the unification of both approaches, we will focus attention on the particular type of problem solving that underlies paradigm shifts in science and technology. Drawing on examples from both domains, we will first introduce fundamental concepts of paradigm theory and TRIZ and then highlight structural similarities between the problem solving processes that give rise to paradigm shifts in science and technology. These similarities lay the foundation for suggesting that the general idea behind TRIZ can also be used to develop a problem solving methodology for what Kuhn calls the revolutionary phase in science.
About the Authors:
Justus Schollmeyer — Berlin, Germany, (1984) studied philosophy at the Freie Universität Berlin and at the Sorbonne Paris IV. He created a branch for TRIZ
research at the Leibniz Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies, where he is working on the logic of engineering methods for resolving system contradictions (TRIZ) and on its interdisciplinary application. The results directly affect his PhD project on sustainable organisation development supervised by Prof. Georg Müller-Christ at the University of Bremen. The aim of this dissertation is the development of effective methods for uncovering and resolving system contradictions with regard to issues of sustainability. In this way, the theory for coping with dilemmas of resource-oriented management is to be supplemented by adequate problem solving tools. In 2018, Justus cofounded Second Negation, a consulting organisation for developing and delivering ARIZ-based workshops for resolving system contradictions of sustainability.
Conception and organisation of conferences on TRIZ
Viesturs Tamuzs, AI TRIZ Practitioner, Master of Chemistry,
Chairman of the Venture Capital Company Eko investors (Latvia),
Chairman of the foundation ASNI (Riga)
Mr. Viesturs Tamuzs is the Managing Partner and Chairman of the Council at Eko Investors AS and First Eko Fund, L.P. Mr. Tamuzs participated in Eko Investors as a Board Member until 2006, then becoming the Chairperson of the Board of the firm. From 1996 to 2000, he headed the Latvia branch of 'Stora Enso Packaging', in the later years also managing Lithuania and Estonia branches as a Director. He held a Director’s position in the company’s Lithuanian and Estonian operations. ... In 2002, Mr. Tamuzs was among the Founders of the Association of Public-Private Partnership and served on its Board until 2006, when he became the Board Chairman. Mr. Tamuzs worked for the Ministry of Industry and Energy in early 1990's, later becoming a commercial entrepreneur on turning to private business. He, with a group of like-minded entrepreneurs, co-founded Risk Capital Association and Venture Capital Association of Latvia in 2003, and had served as a Board Member of the association ever since having been elected the Chairman in 2007. He serves as a Director of Joint Stock Company Eco Baltia. Mr. Tamuzs was named the most successful businessman in Latvia by the business paper 'Dienas Bizness' 1997 survey. He holds a Master’s degree in Chemistry from Chemistry Faculty of University of Latvia, where he also pursued academic work as a researcher and faculty member.
Prof Runhua Tan National Engineering Research Center for Technological Innovation Method and Tool Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin, China.
Runhua Tan is a Professor in the school of mechanical engineering（1996- ），director in the National Engineering Research Center for Technological Innovation Method and Tool (2013- ), vice-president of Hebei University of technology (1999 - ). Graduated in Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hebei University of technology，Master (1984) and Bachelor (1982), in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Ph.D (1998). Editorial board member of Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Computer Integrated Manufacturing System, Chinese Journal of Engineering Design. Chair of Chinese Society of TRIZ (2005- ). Chair of Chinese Specific Society for Technological Innovation Method. Vice-Chair of IFIP-TC5-WG5.4. Published 400 papers and 10 books and most of them are related to TRIZ development and application in industries. Won the Altshuller Medal, 2016, Altshuller Institute, USA.