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TRIZ Home Page in Japan-29 September 2016

Updated:29 September 2016



Dear TRIZ Colleagues,


    Toru Nakagawa

         Professor Emeritus, Osaka Gakuin University

"TRIZ Home Page in Japan" has been updated yesterday in the Japanese pages (dated Sept. 29, 2016)

   and the articles are briefly introduced in English in the top page. .

[1] Letters from Readers(Aug. - Sept., 2016N. Takayama, M. Shibuya, T. Yamamoto, Y. Suwa, T. Nakagawa

[2] On the Low-living Elderly Problem: Employee's pension insurance should be applied more widely Yorikazu Suwa (Judicial Scrivener)  

[3] Fuda-Yose Tool and Visual Thinking:

 Part 3: Practices by Nakagawa for Visualization

       Toru Nakagawa



[1] Forum: Letters from Readers(Aug. - Sept., 2016

   Naohiko Takayama, Masaaki Shibuya, Takeo Yamamoto,

   Yorikazu Suwa, and Toru Nakagawa

   Takayama, in response to 'Do We Have Any Methodology of

   Creative Research in Academia ?', has made mind maps of

   James Young's book and of Darrell Mann's book and

   suggests some parallelism between them.

   Shibuya has pointed out the recent remarkable advance of

   statistical science using computers and evaluated that

   such statistical methods are successful in analyzing real

   data starting with simple models and obtaining fairly

   complex results, corresponding to the abstraction and

   concretization processes in the CrePS methodology.

   Genom analysis, financial engineering, brain science,

   speech recognition, etc. are such application areas of

   success, he says.

   I have been thinking the data analysis with computers in

   a somewhat separate framework from the problem solving

   by humans.

   But I feel we need to consider the data analysis methods

   with more weights in our CrePS methodology.

   Yamamoto sent me a comment in late June that we should

   consider the high risk of Japanese financial catastrophe

   more seriously in parallel to the poverty problem.

   He communicated to me again in response to my visual

   diagram of Professor Hiroshi Yoshikawa's lecture on

   'Financial reconstruction and Japanese economy'.

   Suwa contributed his thoughts on the Low-living Elderly

   problem, based on his experiences of meeting a number of

   LLE people in his job as a judicial scrivener.

   His communication is posted in a separate page [2].

[2] Social Problem:

   On the Low-living Elderly Problem: Employee's pension

   insurance should be applied more widely

   Yorikazu Suwa (Judicial Scrivener)  

   The contributor, Mr. Suwa, worked in sales divisions in

   a big company and after retirement he became a judicial


   Servicing for lawsuits at Summary Court, he met a number

   of low-living elderly people who are suffering from debt

   in consumer finance.

   From such a background, he writes his thoughts in an

   sample case:

   A woman who worked for 30 years as a secretary in a

   foundation is now old in age with no family/relatives and

   in a hospital.

   So the foundation is asking its members for raising money

   for her medical care.

   She does not have employee's pension, as a matter of fact.

   In 1975 when she started working at the foundation,

   Employee's Pension Insurance (which is to be paid half and

   half by the employee and the employer) in Japan may not be

   applied to corporations with less-than 5 employees.

   In 1981 the Employee's Pension Act was changed so that any

   corporation has to apply the employee's pension to all its


   But the Act was not enforced strictly and many corporation,

   including her foundation, did not join the insurance.

   Missing the chances of joining the insurance, or intent

   violation by corporation employers, is one of the most

   significant factors for many elderly people to fall down

   into low-living situations.

   In 1981, a notice was issued by the director of Health

   Insurance Department of Ministry of Health and Welfare,

   saying "The part-time employees working for the time

   length less-than 3/4 of the regular employees are not

   applicable for the Employee's Pension Insurance".

   This notice is a big problem because it excluded a huge

   number of non-regular employees out of the benefits of

   Employee's Pension.


   -- Since I have few chances of facing real situations of

   poverty in the society, I am not good at thinking and

   talking on real sample cases.

   Suwa contributed to explain focal points of real problems

   on the basis of his experiences.

   He is another old friend of mine at the YMCA dormitory of

   the University of Tokyo.

   I deeply thank him for his valuable contribution.

[3] CrePS Introductory:

   Fuda-Yose Tool and Visual Thinking:

   Part 3: Practices of Using the Fuda-Yose Tool:

           Practices by Nakagawa for Visualization

   Toru Nakagawa

   This is the Part 3 of the series of papers jointly written

   by Akihiro Katahira and Toru Nakagawa.

   In this Part 3, Nakagawa describes his practices of using

   Fuda-Yose method at the phases when the problem has become

   clearer and some notes/documents are written either by

   him/herself or by other person(s).

   The purposes of using the Fuda-Yose tool is to clarify

   the logics in the documents by making visualized diagrams

   and to share the understanding with many other people.

   I explain the basic thoughts of my practices, first,

   and then describe the concrete process of making visualizing

   diagrams for the documents typically of the length from

   half a page (e.g., abstract of a paper) to about 20 pages

   (e.g., an article/paper, or a chapter of a book).

   Cases of visualizing practices are chosen from my reports

   already posted in this "TRIZ Home Page in Japan":

   they are

   (1) Abstract of Ed Sickafus' paper,

   and five chapters of Takanori Fujita's "The Low-Living

   Elderly" book (including;

     (2) Introduction,

     (3) Cases of falling into the LLE situations,

     (4) Higher risks of LLE in near future,

     (5) Feelings and thoughts by ordinary people on LLE, and

     (6) Author's proposals of LLE policies), and

   (7) Lecture note by Prof. Hiroshi Yoshikawa on 'Financial

   reconstruction and Japanese Economy'.

   For each example, I explain the process of making the

   visualizing diagrams, ideas for improving the diagram

   representation, the finished (rather detailed) diagrams

   and their simplified versions made on readers' requests,


   These examples demonstrate that the visualization with

   Fuda-Yose Tool is useful for clarifying the logics in

   documents on complex themes like these social problems.

   It is required to visualize the logics in much larger

   documents with different arguments (because all significant

   social problems and political issues are such cases).

   Our strategy should be 'Segmentation and Hierarchical


   we need to demonstrate it from now on.


Best wishes,

Toru Nakagawa

"TRIZ Home Page in Japan" has been updated last night

   (dated Apr. 21) in English and in Japanese.



Hits: 31

TRIZ Home Page in Japan- 6 August

Updated: 6 August 2016


Dear TRIZ Colleagues,

Photo-UST-Nakagawa-130927From : Toru Nakagawa, Professor Emeritus, Osaka Gakuin University 


"TRIZ Home Page in Japan" has been updated today in English (dated Aug. 6, 2016).
  The Home Page was actively updated in Japanese on Jun. 28, Jul. 5, and Jul. 31.
  2 pages (**) of them are now translated fully into English,
    while other new pages are briefly introduced in English.
[1]**  A Summary of My Recent Research: Toru Nakagawa (Jun. 28)
[2] Letters from Readers (Japanese page)
      (Jul. 5, 2016)   17 communicators + Toru
      (Jul. 31, 2016)  11 Communicators + Toru
[3]** A New Discussion:  
     Do We Have Any Methodology of Creative Research in Academia?
     Can CrePS (Six-Box Scheme) Contribute to It?
[4] From Life-saving/Life-sustaining Medical Care to Palliative Medical Care:   
     Munehiro Shimada
[5] Fuda-Yose Tool and Visual Thinking:  Akihiro Katahira and Toru Nakagawa
  [5-1] Development, Operations, and Usage of the Tool
  [5-2] Practices of Using the Tool by Katahira  It was my great pleasure to receive so many communications from Japanese readers [2].  
Looking forward to your communications and contributions! --------------------------------------------------------
[1]**  A Summary of My Recent Research:  
    From the Methodology for Creative Problem Solving in the Field of Science and Technology,
    Getting Insights on the Roots of Social Problems:
       (A thought before the election of the Upper House in Japan):
    Toru Nakagawa (Jun. 28; Jul. 31, 2016 in Japanese;  Aug. 6, 2016 in English **)On the timing just before the election of the House of Councilors, I made a summary of my recent research.  
A set of documents of the summary are posted here (on Jun. 28), and were already sent via post to about 250 people, whom I got acquainted with mostly before I encountered TRIZ.
My recent work may be summarized as the following 3 categories.(1) I have clarified the structure of‘ General Methodology of Creative Problem Solving (CrePS)’.
     (Ref. [2] TRIZCON2016 Presentation.)(2) For the purpose of applying the CrePS methodology to social problems, I visualized the logic of Fujita's Book "The Low-living Elderly" in diagrams.
     (Ref. [3] A pamphlet of 24 pages of visualized LLE diagrams. )(3) I critically reviewed the 82 customer reviews of the LLE book posted at the site and found a serious lack of understanding of social thoughts and social ethics among people.  
Considering the roots, I have recognized that 'Liberty vs. Love' is 'the Principal Contradiction      in the Human Culture'.  
Human Culture has been trying to solve the Principal Contradiction, but the contradiction has become even more complex and difficult to solve in many aspects.  
As we learned in TRIZ, we should recognize/understand the contradiction first and work to solve the contradiction.  
   (Ref [5] 'Liberty vs. Love': The Principal Contradiction Inherent in the Human Culture. )[Editor’s Post Note   (Jun. 28, 2016)]    (snips)
[Editor’s Post Note 2. (Jul. 31, 2016)]     (snips)  
--- At the present critical stage (in Japan), I believe, we should proceed step by step, being aware of the coming crisis, overcoming pessimisms/giving-up, conscious and devoting for better society, and anticipating the future, together with many people !  [2] TRIZ Forum: Letters from Readers (Jun. - Jul., 2016)
     Japanese page (Jul. 5, 2016)   17 communicators + Toru
     Japanese page (Jul. 31, 2016)  11 Communicators + Toru In response to [1], I received many communications, to my sincere thanks.
Most people mention the importance of the LLE problem and evaluated the visualized diagrams are illustrative and easy to understand.  [3]**  Forum:  A New Discussion:
    Do We Have Any Methodology of Creative Research in Academia?
    Can CrePS (or the Six-box Scheme) Contribute to It?
    Posing the issue:   A Professor, Jun. 26, 2016;
    Discussion:        Toru Nakagawa, Jun. 30, 2016    A prominent professor has posed this issue saying:
Academia has been carrying out a huge number of advanced researches and achieving a lot of splendid works.  
But there is no common understanding of 'How to achieve Creative Research' in the Academia, and such achievements have been obtained without any relation to the methods like TRIZ.  
Thus the methodologies like TRIZ and CrePS seem to have very little relevance/significance with the methods for promoting academic researches.
--- It is a pity that the methodology like TRIZ/CrePS has rarely penetrated into the academia.  
This is an issue important for our methodology and for the academia as well.
So I responded him as follows and started this discussion page.It seems quite strange to me that the academia has not obtained a common and general understanding about 'How to do Creative Research'.  
We should first consider for what types of purposes we need such a method.  
We need such a method for the following purposes, arranged in the order of their scopes:
(a)  To think over the future grand directions for research themes in the scope covering various research fields.
(b)  In a research field, to think over on what research theme to work.
(c)  For a research theme, to think over what should be really revealed and solved.
(d)  For a research theme, to think what is the barrier making the revealing/solving difficult and how to break it through.
(e)  For individual tasks in a research theme, to think of the methods of research, experiments, and equipment design, etc.
(f)  For problems and tasks in further detail, to think how to solve them one by one.     
I think that the representation of the Six-box Scheme fits well for the purposes of (d), (e), and (f).
For the purposes in (a), (b), and (c), the Six-box Scheme can be applied in its essence but need to be adjusted slightly.--- On this important issue, please contribute your thoughts to this Home Page.[4]  From Life-saving/Life-sustaining Medical Care to Palliative Medical Care
    Munehiro Shimada (Salvation Army Kiyose Hospital, Director)I received this message from my friend, a Medical Doctor, who says
“On reflecting my life as a medical doctor for half a century, I find myself guided from the heart surgery for children, i.e., the frontier of life-saving/life-sustaining medical care, to the end-of-life care, i.e., the frontier of palliative care.” [5]  Introductory:  Fuda-Yose Tool and Visual Thinking
    Akihiro Katahira and Toru Nakagawa A series of introductory articles (in 4 parts) are posted here on the Fuda-Yose Tool and its usage.
The tool was developed by Akihiro Katahira for the purpose of supporting Visual Thinking, i.e., the methods of enhancing the thinking by use of visualized diagrams.    [5-1]  Part 1:  Development, Operations, and Usage of the Fuda-Yose Tool.      
                Akihiro Katahira
Reflecting the recent major enhancement, version 5.00 (Japanese and English), this Part 1 explains the Fuda-Yose Tool itself.
The up-to-date version of the Fuda-Yose Tool (in English) may be downloaded without charge at Katahira's site: Fuda-Yose Tool is a software tool for drawing diagrams, using the Microsoft Excel worksheets as the platform, for the purpose of supporting/enhancing user's Visual Thinking.  
It was designed with emphasis on handy and quick responses instead of rich and advanced functionality.  
It also has smooth data conversion facility between diagrams and texts and also among Excel, Word, and PowerPoint.    
Methods of operations are illustrated with simple examples of diagrams.   [5-2]  Part 2:  Practices of Using the Fuda-Yose Tool:  Practices by Katahira  
               Akihiro Katahira  The Fuda-Yose Tool allows to show Labels/Enclosures containing some information and Lines/Arrows representing the relationships between the connected Labels in visualized diagrams.  
Arranging and moving around such elements in the diagram may trigger various ideas and may help the user stimulate, enhance, and deepen user's thoughts.
Once the user understands the basic operation, the user may use the method freely modifying it in various ways so as to match the user's own purposes and situations.  Here shows Katahira's ways of usage with actual examples.
(1)  The Tool is used in personal situations:
A sample diagram demonstrates 'what is the Fuda-Yose Method’.  
This diagram has been revised from time to time.  
(2)  The Tool is used during discussions in a meeting situation.  
Any opinions and comments are recorded in Labels and the Fuda-Yose diagrams are projected on a screen for sharing the discussions among the members.  Part 3 will be:  Nakagawa's Practices
Part 4 will be:  Discussions on Fuda-Yose and Visual Thinking.

Best wishes,

Toru Nakagawa


Please visit our website for more information about these Innovation and TRIZ  topics.

Best wishes always,

Toru Nakagawa

Hits: 85

TRIZ Home Page in Japan-21 June 2016

Updated:21 June 2016


Dear TRIZ Colleagues,

Photo-UST-Nakagawa-130927From : Toru Nakagawa, Professor Emeritus, Osaka Gakuin University 


Dear TRIZ Colleagues,

    Toru Nakagawa

         Professor Emeritus, Osaka Gakuin University

"TRIZ Home Page in Japan" has been updated

     on Jun. 11 and Jun. 20 in the English as well as in the Japanese pages.

[A] TRIZ/USIT/CrePS Presentations & Papers (Toru Nakagawa)

[A1] Journal of Japan Creativity Society: (in Japanese)

       “USIT: A Concise Process for Creative Problem Solving

       Based on the Paradigm of the Six-Box Scheme”

[A2] TRIZCON2016, Mar. 3-5, 2016, at New Orleans:   (in English and in Japanese)

       “CrePS (General Methodology of Creative Problem Solving)

       beyond TRIZ: What, Why, and How? “


[B] Letters from Readers(S.S.A. Arshad; A. Nakagawa, et al.) (in English and in Japanese)

       on 'Liberty vs. Love'



[A] TRIZ / USIT / CrePS Presentations & Papers by Toru Nakagawa (OGU)

[A1] Publication in Journal of Japan Creativity Society:

“USIT: A Concise Process for Creative Problem Solving Based on the Paradigm of
the Six-Box Scheme -- USIT Manual and USIT Case Studies --“

Journal of Japan Creativity Soc., Vol. 19, pp. 64-84 (2015) (in Japanese).

Extended and revised version after the peer-review process of the Proceedings paper for the JCS Conference held on Oct. 3-4, 2015.

This is a full paper on USIT/CrePS in Japanese.

In English, please refer to my paper published in the ETRIA Journal and also my TRIZCON2016 presentation [A2], shown below.

[A2] Presentation submitted to TRIZCON2016:

“CrePS (General Methodology of Creative Problem Solving) beyond TRIZ:
What, Why, and How? “

Submitted to / published at TRIZCON2016 (Annual Conf. of the Altshuller Institute for TRIZ Studies), held at Tulane Univ., New Orleans, LA, USA, on Mar. 2-5, 2016

(I submitted my paper, presentation slides, and a presentation video beforehand, but could not attend at the conference due to a pain in my leg.

The paper is published in the Proceedings, but the video was not displayed at the Conference.)

I am posting here the full set:

(In the English page) Paper , Presentations slides, and video (MP4 format, 45 minutes),

(In the Japanese page) Paper and slides.

The paper describes the CrePS Methodology from the overall perspective, by answering the three basic questions shown in the title.
Abstract of the paper is shown here:

This paper proposes to establish a 'General Methodology of Creative Problem Solving' (abbreviated as CrePS) and answers the three fundamental questions:

What? --

CrePS is a general methodology which integrates various methods related to creative problem solving / task achieving and is applicable widely to different types of problems in technical and non-technical areas.  

The 'Six-Box Scheme' is adopted as the new basic paradigm of creative problem solving; this forms the framework of CrePS.

Why? --

Many conventional methods, including TRIZ, could not find a useful framework/paradigm of creative problem solving, and compete one another.

Thus they, even as the whole, could not respond to the big needs of the whole society, namely to solve problems and achieve tasks of various types of themes in different areas, to develop methods for such work, and to cultivate people to be capable for such work.

We need to fill such needs of the whole society with CrePS.

How? --

Using the 'Six-Box Scheme', we define a problem in the 'Real World', generate conceptual solutions to the problem in the Thinking World, and then implement the solutions in the 'Real World'.

Among the three principal processes, the central process of generating conceptual solutions in the Thinking World is the core.

For the core process, USIT (Unified Structured Inventive Thinking), which delivered the Six-Box Scheme, has been developed already and is a model to integrate and unify various relevant methods in the Thinking World.

For the processes in the Real World, i.e., the problem definition and solution implementation processes, conventional methods should be categorized according to their application themes and areas, in order to prepare for integrating them.

By the collaborative work of researchers and promoters of various methods, CrePS should be established, proliferated and applied widely.

[B] TRIZ Forum: Letters from Readers(May, Jun. - , 2016 (posted: Jun. 11 and Jun. 20)

(English page:)

Shahid Saleem A. Arshad (Australia), Doug Gundlach (USA), George Dragheci (Romania); Toru Nakagawa

On my working paper 'Liberty vs. Love', D. Gundlach responds 'It's startling and important'.

S. Arshad contributed his thoughts on 'Liberty vs. Love' supporting my working paper:

In our world, pursuing one's success (Liberty) is predominant and selflessness or concerning others (Love) is secondary.

The results are most recognizable in the big imbalance of '1% of the haves and 99% of the have-nots' in the current economic system of the World.

Understanding 'Liberty vs. Love' as the Principal Contradiction can form a basis for thinking of the resolutions.

-- Thanks, S. Arshard, and we look forward to further discussions from various people.

Nakagawa's reply to S.S.A. Arshad.

I communicated him that non-TRIZ readers in Japan seems not like the idea that Liberty and Love are contradictory and want to put Love above Liberty.

Contradiction of 'Liberty vs. Love' is essential and is not solved well everywhere in the world, I understand.

(Japanese page:)

Naohiko Takayama, Toru Nakagawa, Satoshi Sadahiro, Mr. X, Akira Nakagawa;
Shahid S.A. Arshad

I made an open lecture on USIT/CrePS on May 14, and I received inquiries from S. Sadahiro and Mr. X. So I wrote my suggestions on how to introduce USIT/CrePS into industries.

A. Nakagawa contributed his thoughts on the Low-living Elderly and 'Liberty vs. Love'.

He thinks that obtaining 'social nature' was indispensable for human kind and hence Love is primary to Liberty.

Communication by S. Arshad (May 18) is introduced in Japanese translation, for better discussion on 'Liberty vs. Love'.


The papers and presentations listed above in [A] concern with my original theme, i.e. methodology of creative problem solving.

Especially my TRIZCON paper fully describes: What shall we establish in the name of CrePS? Why do we need it? and How can we establish it?

The works in [B] are related to my trial of extending the application of the CrePS methodology to real problems in society.

Visualizing the problems of the 'Low-living Elderly' has guided me to the finding of 'Liberty vs. Love' as the Principal Contradiction of the Human Culture.

This concept will guide us much larger perspectives of understanding social problems and of resolving them in some new directions, I believe.  

Looking forward to your communications and contributions,


Best wishes,

Toru Nakagawa

"TRIZ Home Page in Japan" has been updated last night

   (dated Apr. 21) in English and in Japanese.



Hits: 142

What Makes Samsung Such An Innovative Company?

By Haydn Shaughnessy, Contributor,

“I write about enterprise innovation”

Tech 3/07/2013 @ 6:32AM |50,392 views Forbes Magazine

Full article at:

Samsung is a global leader in screen technology, TVs, batteries, and chip design. So in terms of innovation it is doing a lot right. But we know very little about how.

Two developments convinced the company in the late 1990s and early 2000s that they could adopt a systematic approach to innovation and that is what seems to underpin their current success.

The first development provides a broader explanation for Samsung’s innovation capacity. In the late 1990s they were able to tap into a source of cheap scientific expertise in the former Soviet Union.

In 2009 BusinessWeek reported that Samsung relied on its relationships with Russian experts for its smartphone software development, adding: “Russian brains helped Samsung develop the image-processing chips in its digital TVs and refine its frequency-filtering technology that significantly reduced noise on its now-ubiquitous handsets.”

But a second effect of the relationship with Russian science was the introduction of TRIZ, an innovation method that Samsung adopted from 2000 onwards but which only reached American companies from the mid-2000s onwards (Intel is a user).

TRIZ is a methodology for systematic problem solving. Typical of its origins in Russia, it asks users to seek the contradictions in current technological conditions and customer needs and to imagine an ideal state that innovation should drive towards.

Samsung had early successes with TRIZ, saving over $100 million in its first few projects. It was also adopting Six Sigma at the time.

But it was TRIZ that became the bedrock of innovation at Samsung. And it was introduced at Samsung by Russian engineers whom Samsung had hired into its Seoul Labs in the early 2000s.

In 2003 TRIZ led to 50 new patents for Samsung and in 2004 one project alone, a DVD pick-up innovation, saved Samsung over $100 million. TRIZ is now an obligatory skill set if you want to advance within Samsung.

At the Samsung Advanced Institute for Technology, Hyo June Kim, who wrote The Theory of Inventive Problem Solving, a foundation text on TRIZ published in Korean, trained over 1,000 engineers across Samsung companies in 2004 alone.                  

What we know from this is how Samsung approaches innovation. Rather it is based on developing a creative elite. This explains how Samsung used TRIZ to get to its Super AMOLED displays.

Samsung Electronics has a sense of crisis that we have been a fast follower and we can not survive anymore in this position. Instead of leading the industry by developing innovative products, we have followed fast what the leading companies had developed. Top management pointed out this and asked employee not to be a fast follower, but to be an innovative leader.

At Samsung even the subsidiary CEO has to take TRIZ training. From looking at the various presentations I estimate that engineers get about 15 days of training plus 7 days specific project work. That’s quite an investment in method and people.

So the answer to why Samsung is so innovative – with at least two major product announcements this month – is that it is heavily invested in its people, it goes in search of special talent wherever it can find it, but specifically made astute moves into Russia early on; it targets its innovations towards specific competitors and patents that it wants to overhaul (as Apple did under Jobs); and it has an innovation culture based on extensive training, repeatable methodology and creative elite formation, backed by the highest levels of management.

To read the full article, click the link above.

Hits: 2730

TRIZ TRENDS - 12 April 2016

Altshuller Institute was invited to provide a thought provoking TRIZ paper to the second, and highly successful TRIZ TRENDS event at the John F. Welch GE Technology Center, Bangalore, India scheduled for Tuesday, April 12, 2016. This GE center is a part of the GE Global network of GE Global Research Institutes through the world.  The White Paper was provided by Donald Coates, Ph.D., P.E. (Retired) a now part-time professor of the College of Applied Engineering, Sustainability, and Technology at Kent State University Kent, OH 44242. 


A copy of this important thought provoking TRIZ White Paper is available below as part of our continuing service to our membership.

Not a member, join now and get the most from your TRIZ experience.


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